Bihar:History;Culture............

  • Govt. of Bihar
  • http://gov.bih.nic.in/
  • Bihar :A Land of Opportunities
  • http://doibihar.org/index.html
  • Economic Profile of Bihar:POPULATION (2001 census)-829988509
  • MALES-43243795
  • FEMALES-39754714
  • SEX RATIO (females/1000 males) 921
  • DENSITY OF POPULATION (Persons/ Square Km)880
  • URBAN POPULATION %10.47
  • LITERACY RATE (census 2001) in %47
  • MALE LITERACY in %59.7
  • MALE LITERATE in numbers-20644376
  • FEMALE LITERACY in %33.1
  • FEMALE LITERATE in numbers-10465201
  • BIRTH RATE (PER 1000) (2002)P30.9
  • DEATH RATE (PER 1000)-7.9
  • NSDP at current prices (2002-2003)* Rs Crores51345 Rs Crores *(2002-2003)
  • PER CAPITA NSDP (2002-03) at current prices Rs 6015 Rs *(2002-2003) (2002)P: Provisional*(2002-03): Advanced Estimates*(2001-02): Quick Estimate*(2000-01): Provisional EstimateNSDP: Net State Domestic productSource: Directorate of Economics & Statistics of respective State Governments (As on March 26, 2004), Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Govt. of India MAJOR INDUSTRIES
  • Bihar is mainly agricultural products producing state. The main large and small scale agro based industries are :
  • Rice Mills : Rice mills in Bauxer karbisganch in Purnia District, Araria etc.
  • Sugar Mills : Sugar mills located at Banmankhi in Purnia District, Bauxer, Madora in Saran District, Samastipur and Bihata in Patna District.
  • Edible Oil Mills : Edible oils from oil seeds are located at Araria, Banmankhi in Purnia District, Bauxer, Lakhisarai at Munger district.
  • POWER
  • OIL REFINERY
  • TEXTILES
  • ENGINEERING INDUSTRIES
  • TOBACCO
  • INFORMATION TECHNOLY
  • INSTITUTES AND UNIVERSITIESGeneral Institutes
  • Bihar University, Muzaffarpur- 842003
  • Lalit Narayan Mithila University, Kameshwarnagar, Darbhanga- 846004
  • Patna University, Patna- 800 005
  • B N Mandal University, Madhepura,-852f113, Bihar, Tel:2069, 2061-62
  • Babasaheb Bhim Rao Ambedkar University Of Bihar, Muzaffarpur - 842001, Bihar, Tel : 243071
  • Jai Prakash Vishvavidyalaya,Chapra 541301, Bihar. Tel:656072, 642607.
  • Magadh University, Bodh Gaya 824 234, Bihar. Tel : 20835-36
  • Ranchi University, Ranchi 834008, Bihar. Tel : 302600
  • Siddhu Kanhu University, Santhal Pargana, Dumka 814101, Bihar, Tel: 22495, 22584, Fax: 06434-22441.
  • Tilaka Manjhi Bhagalpur University, Bhagalpur, Bihar. Tel : 422576, 22153, Fax: 0641-422576.
  • Veer Kunvar Singh University, Arrah. Bihar, Tel : 2031879, 2032025.
  • Vinoba Bhave University, Hazari Bagh,Bihar. Tel : 06546-24279, 24628.
  • Nalanda Open University, Camp Office, 9, Adarsha Colony, Kidwai Puri, Patna - 800 001. Tel: 234330, Fax: 061-2223018. Fisheries Institute
  • College of Fisheries, Rajendra Agriculture University, Pusa, Bihar Medical Colleges
  • R.B.T.S Government Homeopathic Medical College, Muzaffarpur-842003
  • Nalanda Medical College, Kankarbagh, Patna-800020
  • Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Bhgalpur-812001
  • Pataliputra Medical College, Vinobha Bhave University, Dhanbad-828127
  • Magadh Medical College, Gaya-823001 Nursing College
  • College of Nursing, Ranchi-834009 Agricultural Institute
  • Birsa Agricultural University, Faculty of Agriculture, Kanke, Ranchi, Bihar
  • Rajendra Agricultural University, PO Pusa, Samastipur - 848125, Bihar. Tel:226, 255 Hotel Management Institute
  • Indian Institute of Hotel Management, 11, IAS Colony, Kidwaipuri, Patna-1 Veterinary College
  • Bihar Veterinary College, Patna-800014 Technical Institutes
  • Muzaffarpur Institute of Technology, Muzaffarpur-842003
  • Regional Institute of Technology, JAMSHEDPUR-831014, (BIHAR). TEL: 91-657-407614, FAX: 91-657-407614. E-mail: nit.jsr@gnjsr.globalnet.ems.vsnl.net.in.
  • Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad(Bihar).
  • National Institute of Foundry, and Forge Technology, P.O. Hatia, Ranchi - 834003, Bihar. TEL: 91-651-408289, FAX: 91-651-408357.
  • ECONOMIC INFRASTRUCTURE
  • Roads:The State is serviced by 2318 Kms. of National Highways, 4192 Kms. of State highways, 12,579 Kms. of district roads and over 69000 Kms. of other roads. South Bihar has extensive network of roads linking major industrial locations in the state. The state would also encourage private sector involvement in maintenance of roads and bridges. Railways The State has extensive and well developed railway system providing vital links to mining industry and tourism with important cities and ports in the country. The total rail length is in excess of 5400 Kms. Airports Patna International Airport is directly connected with Kathmandu (Nepal), New Delhi, Calcutta, Bombay, Lucknow, Varanasi & Ranchi, Gaya, Muzaffarpur, Raxoul and Jogbani are the other domestic airports in Bihar.Air services are provided by Indian Airlines, Sahara Airlines and Royal Nepal Airlines. 39 district Head Quarters have air strips/aerodromes. Small Air taxi/charter services are available at Patna and Jamshedpur. Inland Water TransportBihar is traversed by several rivers. Some of the major rivers are the Ganges, Ghaghra, Gandak, Kosi, Damodar, Sone and Swarnarekha. Total length of rivers in Bihar is 4,414 KmsNavigable length of rivers is 1,325 Kms.Farakka to Buxar in the river Ganges has been declared as National Water Ways No.1. It is presently operative from Haldia to Patna. This provides access to Calcutta Seaport (417Kms) and Haldia (517Kms). Financial Bihar State Financial Corporation (BSFC) is the main state level institution providing term lending facilities to industrial entrepreneurs. Banks have also shown increasing interest in term lending to industrial units. BSFC will be restructured and strengthened to meet the growing financial and mercantile needs of entrepreneurs.The Corporation also undertakes the appraisal of projects coming up in the state with a view to raising money from the capital market (Public/Rights Issues). PowerTotal installed capacity of the Bihar State Electricity Board (BSEB) Damodar Valley Corporation (DVC), National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC), Tenughat Thermal Power Corporation (TTPC) and Bihar State Hydro Electric Corporation (BSHEC) in Bihar is 4470 M.W. The installed Thermal and are 4120 M.W. and Hydel capacities 350 M.W. respectively.
  • *Telecom Telephone Density:Per thousands population - 2.90Per Sq.Km. - 1.06 Telephone Exchanges:Total No.of Exchanges - 777 Equipment capacity - 3,29,000 Public Call Office: Urban - 4,758Rural - 7,302 Highways - 122STD/ISD - 440 All cities and towns of the state are directly accessible on International Subscriber Dialing (ISD). There are proposal to provide value added services like Radio Paging, Cellular Telephone, E-mail Services etc. in the State. Opportunities exist in providing value added services as well as in expansion of basic telecommunication facilities. Financial
  • Bihar State Financial Corporation (BSFC) is the main state level institution providing term lending facilities to industrial entrepreneurs. Banks have also shown increasing interest in term lending to industrial units. BSFC will be restructured and strengthened to meet the growing financial and mercantile needs of entrepreneurs.The Corporation also undertakes the appraisal of projects coming up in the state with a view to raising money from the capital market (Public/Rights Issues).

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